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Add to Wishlist. USD Sign in to Purchase Instantly. Overview The 'European project' is in a state of perpetual crisis in which the root cause is a lack of identification by ordinary citizens with Europe and European institutions. Show More. Average Review.

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Write a Review. Related Searches. BealbyThis is a reproduction of a book published before BealbyThis is a reproduction of a book published before This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. View Product. A Biographical Sketch of some of The Most. A biographical tribute to the memory of Trim. A Biographical Tribute to the Memory of Trim by Matthew FlindersTrim was a ship's cat that accompanied Matthew Flinders on his voyages to circumnavigate and map the coastline of Australia in Trim's epitath and tribute were written during Flinders' Behramji M.

Malabari, A Biographical Sketch.

This book is a reproduction of This book is a reproduction of the original book published in and may have some imperfections such as marks or hand-written notes. Biographical Data From Baltimore Newspapers, This book is a snapshot of the people and daily life in the Monumental City This book is a snapshot of the people and daily life in the Monumental City in the years between the conclusion of the War of and the onset of the Panic of It has a special place in the Jewish studies, since it allows to research and analyse complex identity choices.

However, it is also useful to scholars dealing with migration studies, social history and history of ideas. In order to assist young scholars with biographical research projects and to provide them with a friendly space to discuss research questions and problems, the POLIN Museum invites early career scholars and especially PhD students to participate in a one-day workshop on 30 November in Warsaw.

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Evolution of European Identities: Biographical Approaches

The participants of the workshop are expected to also attend the conference. Bowes, Jr. The social order is created in, through and from the interactions of members of society.


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Biographical researchers, of whatever kind, tend to take that as axiomatic West et al, Such approaches however, became marginalized as positivism took hold. The "turn", or re-turn, is partly due to the advent of a sophisticated body of feminist theory, in which learning, like politics, became personal. Partly it is due to the influence of postmodern epistemological perspectives and their hostility to meta-narratives and universalisms; and their celebration of difference, diverse subjectivities and the potential for human agency in different and particular contexts.

The new focus on experience as a basis for research and learning also fits with elements of postmodernity, such as uncertainty, social and technological change. Giddens sees the globalising tendencies of the present as ushering in profound changes in social life and personal experience, which results in efforts to construct and sustain the self through narratives of self-identity.

The shift from adult education to lifelong learning in policy discourse reflects some of these tendencies, as boundaries between learning and personal experience become increasingly difficult to draw, and learning is recognised as an important phenomenon in a wide variety of domestic, social and work-based, as well as educational settings West, ; Edwards, Not everyone is moving in the same direction.


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The range of research taking place under the banner of biography with regard to adult and lifelong learning is considerable. It includes learning in informal spaces, such as the family West, ; the workplace Salling Olesen ; in community development settings West, ; in trade union engagements Weber, and even in cyberspace Henwood et al, Researchers are exploring the impact of learning in health and therapeutic processes, as well as resistance to particular forms of learning in the context of modernising imperatives West, ; Andersen, Biographical research is used to examine the relationship between learning and gender Ollagnier ; Dybbroe, as well as learning, class and gender Merrill, Some terminology, as noted, varies and each approach may have a different emphasis and draws on varying philosophical, ideological or disciplinary sources.

In some contexts, the terminology of biography and life history is used interchangeably. In others, distinctions are maintained. There is a diversity of intellectual traditions in such research, too: interpretivism, hermeneutics, social constructivism, symbolic interactionism, feminism, critical theory, narrative theory, psychoanalysis and psychosocial perspectives have been influential in different contexts.

There are differences stemming from varied assumptions about the nature of subjectivity and the status of the stories people tell.


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  3. Biographical Approaches?
  4. Feminism, alongside oral history, has been an important influence in the UK and, to an extent, France Ollagnier, ; less so in other continental traditions although, in Denmark, critical theory is combined with feminist perspectives in the study of subjectivity, working life and learning Weber, Feminism looked back to the Chicago school and was influenced too by C. Wright Mills His notion of biography was as a meeting point between history and macro-level forces and intimate lives, in which ordinary people might feel themselves caught in a series of traps.

    Underlying these were impersonal forces shaping the structures of society. The lived experience of women tended to be marginalized, in these perspectives.

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    Feminist research was increasingly presented and celebrated as a participatory enterprise in the study of adult and lifelong learning Armstrong, There is a commitment to giving voice to women previously hidden in research. Feminism also challenged the practice of treating interviewees as subordinates as researchers sought to build more equal relationships between interviewers and interviewees. The process of interviewing became central to the method, while research was conceived as a self-learning experience for the interviewer, in its own right Reinharz Feminist researchers also tend to view interviewees as collaborators.

    Participants are involved in the analysis of texts Merrill, Researchers may involve participants dialogically in the process by, for example, sending them a copy of their transcript to ensure that they feel that it is an accurate representation of what they said. Some researchers provide feedback of research findings to interviewees in a further attempt to build shared understanding in a collaborative, trusting, empowering as well as an iterative process West, Building conversations across such a European family can, sometimes, as suggested, be difficult.

    Language, as postmodernists remind us, is a powerful dimension of our identity and shapes our interactions with culture and others, and our understanding of the world. Working cross-nationally can help us to stand outside of national paradigms as we are introduced to new ideas and approaches, but we may also struggle to understand the other.

    How to Approach Biographical Research? - Workshop | POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews

    Moreover, the fact of English being the prime medium of communication can induce frustration in communication as well as resentment: as in the Francophone world. Even key concepts such as adult student, higher education or access, which may seem straightforward, can be problematic as they are interpreted differently.

    A Brief History of "Europe" & European Identity - European History & Mythology

    Other concepts, for example class, may be less important in some countries. There are particular issues, as stated, between the Anglophone and Francophone worlds, where the literatures and conversations can sometimes be separate although there can be similarities, with regard to feminism and the influence of psychodynamic perspectives Ollagnier, Differences can also be epistemological. Researchers may be positioned at different points on a spectrum stretching from objectivism to subjectivism. This, as noted, can surround differences of perception about the role and influence of the researcher in the generation of the research text.

    Or, echoing older themes - whether research exists to interpret the world, or change it. He suggests that the "theory of individualisation" Beck, has sharpened the reflexive turn in adult education and brought the entirety of lives into the field of learning. The reconstruction of an individual life in modernised societies points to a new paradigm of learning, which has been labelled biographicity Alheit,